Seminar paper from the year 2011 in the subject Pedagogy - School Pedagogics, grade: 2,3, Turku University of Applied Sciences, course: Educational management and administration, language: English, abstract: Already the German philosopher Immanuel Kant (1724-1804) said: "Saupere aude - Habe Mut dich deines eigenen Verstandes zu bedienen"("Be brave to use your own mind"). But for this an extensive education is necessarily. This fact underlines the importance of a well-functioning education system. A great amount of approaches all over the world toward this topic exits and this essays aim is to present the Saxon one. To achieve this, the essay will start with structure of the education system of Saxony. This contains, among other information, the learning-aims, achievable graduations and selectable profiles of elementary schools, secondary schools, academic high schools, and schools for gifted pupils as well as schools for pupils with special needs. In this context the function of the orientation classes will be also explained. Subsequently the administrative structure of the Saxon education systems will be presented. This includes important tasks of the Minister of educational and cultural affairs as well as his ministry, the 5 subordinate education authorities and the structure of 2 last mentioned. The tasks and qualification of headmasters will be particularly emphasised in order to underline their importance for the Saxon education system. Based on this the significant findings of the "Programme for International Student Assessment" 2006 (PISA) as well as of the "Bildungsmonitor" 2010 will be presented. In conclusion all important facts will be summarized. If current challenges and priorities are traceable in an area will these constitute in the end of a chapter.