High Quality Content by WIKIPEDIA articles! Azerbaijan or Azarbaijan (Persian: zarb ij n; Azerbaijani:, Kurdish: ), also Iranian Azerbaijan, Persian Azarbaijan is a region in northwestern Iran. It is also historically known as Atropatene and Aturpatakan. The region is referred by some as South Azerbaijan or Southern Azerbaijan, however some scholars and sources view these terms as being irredentist and politically motivated. For more information see the article History of the name Azerbaijan.