While field programmable gate arrays (FPGAs) are certainly not new, their time to take the market by force did not fully arrive until 2016, at least for a new wave of applications in research, enterprise, and machine learning. With key acquisitions, highly publicized use cases of FPGAs at scale for real-world applications, and momentum to make programming these devices easier, FPGAs found the limelight-and that story is just beginning. Tracing the progression of FPGA use cases, technology developments, and market trends via the compute infrastructure analysis publication, The Next Platform, authors Nicole Hemsoth and Timothy Prickett Morgan pull together the last year in FPGA developments and offer a synthesized, holistic view of where the industry is heading-and where the new application areas will emerge. From the use of these devices in deep learning and machine learning, high performance computing (HPC), and enterprise applications, the range of FPGA acceleration is growing. In this 2017 edition of the book, readers will see the big picture for FPGAs in terms of past, present, and future and be armed with a sense of direction for new applications and innovations on the device and software sides.