Description

This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can usually download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1867 edition. Excerpt: ...the all-pervading deity. This kept women in perpetual tutelage, not in the legitimate guardianship of her agnate alone, but in a dative tutelage restraining her capacity in the most trifling actions of civil life. It subjected the child to not only the paternal right of life and death, but to that of sale. He was open to exposal on his birth, condemned to a continual minority, whatever his age or dignity might be, deprived of every kind of property, up to the time of Constantine, except the "peculium castrense," or military pay. It kept up the servile system, the well-known horrors of which existed not only in the heroic and mythical ages, but throughout those centuries of light and philosophical wisdom that were for so many a time of freedom. The opinions of Greek philosophers on the subject were not doubtful. Plato did not admit slavery into the Republic, but dared not condemn it in his native city; and Aristotle gave human nature itself for its cause, saying that some were made for rule and others for obedience. Cicero held the same view. Cum autem hi famulantur qui sibi moderari nequeant nulla injuria est "There is no injustice in making slaves of those who know not self-government." In his admirable treatise De Officiis, the masterpiece of ancient morality, he relates, without commentary, certain cases of conscience proposed hy a philosopher named Hecaton. Is a master in a famine time bound to feed his slaves? Economy says No; humanity Yes. Hecaton decides against it.t Suppose one's self adrift in a small boat with a bad slave and a good horse on board; a storm comes on, which of the two should be thrown overboard? Hecaton and Cicero will not pronounce upon it. Such was the philosophy of the best epoch of Rome, which time did not do...
  • ISBN13: 9781230450995
  • Publisher: Theclassics.Us
  • Pubilcation Year: 2013
  • Format: Paperback
  • Pages: 00082
Specifications
FormatPaperback
Publication DateSeptember 12, 2013
Primary CategoryHistory/General
Publisher ImprintTheclassics.Us

History of Civilization in the Fifth Century Volume 1

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