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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can usually download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1920 edition. Excerpt: ...organization, and those, statutory and otherwise, which govern public health administration. The first law providing for health organization was the Massachusetts law of 1797 establishing Boards of Health for towns and giving each board power to "make such regulations as it judges necessary for the public health and safety." Since then the other states have made similar laws, the last enactment being that of Nevada in 1905, while many of the large cities have had special sanitary provisions incorporated in their charters. The type of local organization has varied in different states depending upon whether the administrative unit of government was the township or the county. The local authorities are required to keep the state authorities informed as to the sanitary conditions of their districts and in all cases local health ordinances must not contravene the laws of the state. Since 1855 each state has enacted a law creating a State Board of Health or its equivalent. In the legal side of public health administration, common and constitutional as well as statutory laws are involved. The common law, or lex non scripta, consists of the court decisions made in the course of administering justice. The decision of a lower court or the opinion of an attorney has little value as a precedent, but the decision of the supreme court is binding upon subordinate courts until overruled. Statutory laws are enacted by legislatures upon the basis of common law and their official interpretation has the force of additional legislation. Coincident with the growth of common law there is usually the establishment of institutions such as quarantine. These institutions, however, may become antiquated and abandoned as the quarantine of yellow fever. When...
  • ISBN13: 9781230230177
  • Publisher: Theclassics.Us
  • Pubilcation Year: 2013
  • Format: Paperback
  • Pages: 00118
Publication DateSeptember 12, 2013
Primary CategoryHealth & Fitness/General
Publisher ImprintTheclassics.Us

Hygiene, Dental and General

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