As a result of the policy to alleviate work permit restrictions within the European Community, the quantitative and qualitative distribution of doctors in the E.C. is of growing importance in health politics. Particularly under discussion are questions concerning future training programs for doctors and the role doctors have to play in the health economy under very different types of health systems. This monograph is divided into two parts. The first descriptive section presents, analyzes and discusses the various statistical data and trends as well as the legal positions in the following countries: U.K., Belgium, Federal Republic of Germany, Greece, Denmark, Ireland and Italy. The second part then provides a comprehensive survey of models for solving problems and predicting developments and possible demands for the future.