This text analyses nationalism in Europe from the French Revolution to the Second World War. Drawing on a wide range of examples, Timothy Baycroft explains what characterises modern nations, what the theoretical roots of nationalism are, and what interaction there has been with other significant theories. The book also presents reasons for the overwhelming importance of nationalism in the development of modern European history. The result is a concise description of the ways in which nationalism spread through Europe and its consequences for European civilisation. Nationalism in Europe contains a selection of primary and secondary sources.