Robert Warren Stewart and his wife Louisa were Anglican Church missionaries to China. They were murdered during the Kucheng Massacre of Western Christians that took place at Gutian, Fujian, China on August 1, 1895. At dawn of that day, Vegetarian rebels in Gutian (also known as "Kucheng" in Foochowese) made an attack upon British missionaries who were then taking summer holidays at Gutian Huashan, killing eleven people and destroying two houses. At the time of the initial outbreak, the family of Robert W. Stewart and the other ladies were still asleep in their hill village at Gutian Huashan. The Vegetarian mob then broke in, speared the victims to death, and burnt down the houses. Only five persons survived the attack, two of whom were Mr. Stewart's children: one had one knee broken, and the other, a baby, had an eye gouged out. The Kucheng Massacre is considered one of the worst attacks against foreigners in China prior to the Boxer Movement in 1899-1901.