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Taiwan's transition from authoritarianism to democracy occurred in two phases with economic strength, specifically capitalism, as the catalyst. The hard authoritarianism established by Chiang-Kai Shek's regime allowed the institutions of private property and free enterprise to promote economic stability. Rapid growth followed and Taiwan transitioned from an agrarian based economy to a modern industrialized nation. The pressures from economic success drove Chiang Kai-shek's successor, Chiang Ching-kuo, towards a softer form of authoritarianism. He then exploited the economic successes as a source of legitimacy for his authority. Continued economic progress promoted further calls for liberalization and under President Lee Teng-hui, Chiang Ching-kuo's successor, Taiwan fully transitioned from soft authoritarianism to a democratic state. This paper will outline the history of this transformation and argue the economic influence of capitalism as the principal driving cause. vi
  • ISBN13: 9781249595083
  • Publisher: Biblioscholar
  • Pubilcation Year: 2012
  • Format: Paperback
  • Pages: 00040
Publication DateOctober 9, 2012
Primary CategoryEducation/General

Taiwan's Transition to Democracy

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