This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1920. Excerpt:... CHAPTER VIII AMERICAN SETTLEMENTS IN THE MISSOURI AND MISSISSIPPI BORDERS AND IN THE ST. FRANCOIS REGION BASES OF IMMIGRATION The first American invmigration into the trans-Mississippi country was from the Ohio Valley, in response to encouragement by the Spanish authorities. Morgan's colony at New Madrid, begun in 1788, is perf baps the earliest American settlement in undoubtedly Spanish territory. Spain for a time favored American immigration to demonstrate to the trans-Appalachian settlements the benefits of Spanish suzerainty and so to seduce them from their adherence to the United States. Spain also suspected England of designs against Louisiana, and welcomed the American frontiersmen as defenders against such an aggression. In 1796-97 Spain feared an attack from Canada on Upper Louisiana."The distance of this province from the capital, added to a wilderness of nearly a thousand miles in extent between them, seemed to point out the necessity of strengthening it."1 For this purpose inducements were held out to immigrants. Lands were given gratuitously, except for the cost of survey and confirmation, and were exempt from taxes. Americans were preferred,"as their prejudices against the English were a sure guarantee of their attachment to the Spanish interest."2 The inhabitants of the New West as yet possessed but poorly defined ideas of the body politic to which they belonged. Their isolation from the seaboard states excluded them at first from an active part in the government of the country and denied them most of the benefits to be anticipated from their adherence to the Union. Neither actual benefits nor the sentiments that arise with time had provided the strong bond of patriotism to hold them fast to the United States. Granted some material induce...

    The Geography of the Ozark Highland of Missouri by Sauer, Carl Ortwin [Paperback]

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