This historic book may have numerous typos, missing text or index. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. 1898. Not illustrated. Excerpt:... CHAPTER III. THE UNITY OF ITALY. THE revolution of 1848-1849 resulted in Italy in the failure of the moderate party to free the country from the Austrian yoke, and the reaction that followed seemed to bind the Italians more firmly than ever to the narrow and conservative policy that Austria and the petty princes had up to this time pursued. Throughout the peninsula but one state could point to any definite result of thirty years of political agitation and revolution but one state could boast of having preserved its constitutional form of government but one had made political progress: in Piedmont alone lay all the hopes of Italy. On the morrow of the day made memorable by the battle of Novara and his father's abdication, Victor Emmanuel found himself as king of Piedmont confronted with the difficult task of choosing between the two policies that lay open to him: of deciding whether to set aside the Statute, substitute the blue flag of Savoy for the tri-colour, disappoint the hopes of those who looked upon him as leader of the Italian nation, and follow the reaction that was becoming general throughout Europe or manfully to take up the cause of Italy as well as of Piedmont, preserve the Statute and the tri-colour flag, bear the displeasure of Austria, Russia, and central Europe, and even at the cost of personal ease and the internal repose of the kingdom, sacrifice the present gains for the sake of a brighter future. The choice was difficult and the responsibility great, for the future of Italy to a large extent depended upon that decision. Yet Victor Emmanuel never hesitated. Though confronted by a victorious enemy, from whom it was necessary to gain terms that would leave the state and the constitution intact though obliged to meet at home a radical party a...

    The Historical Development of Modern Europe, from the Congress of Vienna to the Present Time (Volume 2); 1850-1897 by Andrews, Charles McLean [Paperback]

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