Why The Modern Elements? About twenty-three hundred years ago Euclid brought together all of the mathematics of his time as a deductive system into thirteen books called The Elements. So too I have brought together all of the primary mathematics and science of modern time into two volumes called The Modern Elements. Book I of this thesis is a review of tensor calculus as a deductive system of mathematics beginning with set theory to parallel Riemannian hypersurfaces. Book II applies the first book and leads to a physics review of special and general relativity in order to explore E-G fields of force at a distance and the consequences of their union.